Internet Gambling Companies Indicted for Fraud, Money Laundering

With the seizure of the websites, it is unclear what will happen to the funds of U.S. George, Utah, which allegedly processed more than $200 million for Full Tilt and PokerStars. “In exchange for this agreement to process gambling transactions, the banks received sizable fee income from processing poker transactions as well as promises of multi-million investments in the banks from Elie and his associates.”

Also indicted was John Campos, vice chairman of the board at SunFirst Bank, based in St. banks and effectively bribing others to assure the continued flow of billions in illegal gambling profits,” Bharara said in a prepared statement. and his associates were, however, able to persuade the principals of certain small, local banks that were facing financial difficulties to engage in such processing,” the indictment reads. “Meanwhile, some of the poker operators themselves have claimed that U.S.

New York prosecutors say they’ve issued restraining orders against more than 75 bank accounts in 14 countries used by the poker companies, which they say will interrupt the illegal flow of billions of dollars, according to The Associated Press.

Members of the conspiracy allegedly agreed to invest $10 million in SunFirst, which gave them a 30 percent stake in the bank, according to the indictment. George, Utah.

“Foreign firms that choose to operate in the United States are not free to flout the laws they don’t like simply because they can’t bear to be parted from their profits,” said Preet Bharara, the U.S.

Campos was arrested this morning in St.

The owners and operators of the websites all are outside of the United States and were not in custody.

The 52-page indictment also alleges that conspirators used electronic checks to try and disguise their payments.

The Justice Department has filed a civil complaint for money laundering that seeks $3 billion being held by the companies.

The indictment identifies four individuals as the payment processors — Ryan Lang, Ira Rubin, Bradley Franzen and Chad Elie.

The allegedly phony websites included online flower delivery shops and pet supply stores that would handle credit card payments to get funds from U.S. gambling laws do not apply to poker.

The indictment alleges that Elie was deeply involved in negotiating with banks to secure processing transactions. players who have accounts on the websites.

“This is a potentially game-changing moment for the online poker industry, as PokerStars and Full Tilt are, by quite some distance, the two largest operators not just in the U.S., but globally,” James Kilsby, Americas editor with the business intelligence service GamblingCompliance, told ABC News.

The issue of Internet gambling has been debated on Capitol Hill recently, with legislation being proposed both for and against it. In 2007, NETELLER, a firm that handled online gambling transactions, was charged by prosecutors from the New York U.S. who lied to United States banks about the nature of the financial transactions they were processing and covered up those lies through the creation of phony corporations and websites to disguise payments to the poker companies.”

“Previous DOJ enforcement efforts have honed in on sports betting operators and payment companies,” Kilsby said. “The defendants bet the house that they could continue their scheme, and they lost.”

Isai Scheinberg and Paul Tate of PokerStars, Scott Tom and Brent Beckley of Absolute Poker, and Raymond Bitar and Nelson Burtnick of Full Tilt Poker, the indictment claims, engaged in a scheme “to deceive United States banks and financial institutions into processing billions of dollars in payments for the poker companies, by, among other things, arranging for the money received from United States gamblers to be disguised as payments to hundreds of non-existent online merchants and other non-gambling businesses.”

Federal prosecutors and FBI agents also have obtained a district court order to block 76 bank accounts and five Internet domain names associated with the poker websites.

“These defendants concocted an elaborate criminal fraud scheme, alternately tricking some U.S.

Justice Department officials said they were in contact with local law enforcement agencies in those countries and Interpol to seek their arrest.

“Some of the defendants found banks willing to flout the law for a fee,” Janice Fedarcyk, the assistant director in charge of the FBI’s New York Field Office, said in a prepared statement. banks that prohibited them from handling financial transactions connected to online gambling.

Franzen was arrested March 16 in Chicago on a previously issued criminal complaint and is scheduled to have an arraignment in New York on Monday. “We allege, in their zeal to circumvent the gambling laws, the defendants also engaged in massive money laundering and bank fraud.”

Eleven individuals were charged over their involvement running PokerStars, Full Tilt Poker and Absolute Poker for violating the 2006 Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act. . Attorney’s Office but entered into a deferred prosecution agreement with the U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York, where the case was filed.

The owners and founders of the three largest online gambling sites in the United States have been indicted and charged with bank fraud, money laundering and illegal gambling offenses. It seems clear from today’s action that the Justice Department doesn’t agree.”

According to a federal indictment, the owners of the companies sought ways to get around restrictions placed on U.S. In April 2010, Campos also allegedly sought a $20,000 bonus that he allegedly called an “invoice” for “Check and Credit Card Processing Consulting.”

The indictment alleges the poker-company owners “relied on highly compensated third party payment processors … An attorney for Elie could not be located by ABC News. government and returned such funds to their owners. customers.

“Chad Elie … PokerStars is registered in the Isle of Man, Full Tilt is registered in Ireland and Absolute Poker and its associated companies originally was founded in Costa Rica but is now registered in Antigua. Elie was arrested in Las Vegas, where he was slated to appear before a federal magistrate

The Next Billion Dollar Opportunity?

No one seems more qualified to exploit the opportunity than social gaming company, Zynga, with their established user base, expertise in driving engagement and virality, and iterative data driven product development process.

Many believe that online gambling will soon become as simple as buying an e-book or streaming a movie, and that the convenience of being able to bet from your couch, will present incredible opportunities for entrepreneurs.

Given the lengthy licensing process and regulatory concerns, new entrants are looking to partner with currently existing casino operators.

Rational Group, the Isle of Man-based company that operates PokerStars, the world’s leader in real-money online poker, acquired the Atlantic Club Casino Hotel, one New Jersey’s 12 licensed casinos and will obtain and NJ Casino license with the transaction. Nevada’s law, signed on February 21st of 2013, lets land-based casino operators offer online poker only.

New Jersey’s Governor Chris Christie recently signed a law allowing Atlantic City’s casinos to run websites that take bets on games such as blackjack, slots and poker, but require bettors to be physically present in the state.

Concerns over social responsibility will have some consequences on investment considerations in the market. Juniper Research estimates that betting on mobile devices alone will be a $100 billion worldwide industry by 2017.

MGM Resorts and Boyd Gaming Corp, its partner in the Borgata casino in Atlantic City, have arrangements with Bwin.Party, which runs Internet gambling from Gibraltar.

If online gambling laws continue to be relaxed across the United States, it could represent a massive opportunity for entrepreneurs and investors. Schmidt, Google’s Executive Chariman.

Some large companies have policies against involvement with gambling, which reduces exit opportunities for companies in the business. Delaware recently passed similar laws.

In addition, some large public equity investors, such as hedge funds, have policies against investing in gambling related companies and some general and limited partners of venture capital and private equity funds have similar policies, which could reduce liquidity in private markets.

Offline gambling is a massive market with validated demand, and many believe online gambling will be llarger.

Chris DeWolfe, a co-founder of the pioneering social site Myspace, is launching a gaming studio with a gambling component. They’ve already hired an executivefrom 888 Holdings, a gambling company, begun investing in state and federal lobbying efforts, and have applied for an operator license in Nevada and expect to launch their first real-money gaming products in international markets in the first half of 2013. Investors include Jeff Bezon’s, Founder of Amazon, and Eric E.

Betable allows social game developers to add real, working gambling mechanics to their games.. Overseas, online betting is generating an estimated $32 billion in annual revenue — nearly the size of the United States casino market.

In the U.K., Zynga has partnered with Bwin.Party to offer games such as “FarmVille” slots for real-money betting

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7 Strange Ways to Make Money

A few have actively recruited some of the haulers for their marketing campaigns.

After the holiday splurge last month, big retailers that offered those extended gift return promises are now flooded with hoards of unwanted Christmas gifts. I share so much of my life, but I don’t share anything that isn’t genuine to me.”

Read ABC’s Abbie Bourdreau’s full report HERE

Rent Out Your Stuff, Even Your Dog!

‘Tis the season to be returning, and a large warehouse in Cranbury, N. They solicit and offer advice and anecdotes on parenting, essentially creating massive online support groups.

Inside a shed next to his house, Joe Henry of Medford, Ore., has orange tubs filled with 200,000 pennies, and he spends hours sorting through roll after roll.

Read ABC’s Neal Karlinsky’s full report HERE

Get Rid of Someone Else’s Junk

In tough economic times, some have looked into seemingly strange ways to make money and launch new careers.

Being a mommy blogger can be big business: If the website gains a big enough following, companies will often try to connect to the blogger, asking them to try and possibly endorse products for cash. In fact, the National Retail Federation estimated that holiday gift returns would total a record $46.3 billion, up 4 percent from last year.

Read ABC’s Elizabeth Leamy’s full report HERE

1-800-GOT-JUNK is a full-service junk removal company that began in Vancouver, and has now spread to the U.S. If the laws change and the mint decides to abolish the penny, people would be free to melt them down for the copper.

Kelly and Steve Haley rented Healthcliff the dog from Ame Shillington.

One of the hottest Web phenomena for fashionistas has turned shopping sprees into something that brings worldwide bragging rights.. J., is just one of the places where your returned Christmas gifts “go to die.”

Read ABC’s Lara Spencer’s full report HERE has become a booming business by taking returned items and excess inventory from seven of the top 10 retailers (although they wouldn’t reveal who), and re-selling them — everything, including Prada bags, TVs, iPads, air hockey tables, treadmills and battery-operated, remote controlled cars — for up to 40 percent off.

Brian Scudamore is the man who is the king of junk. In what could be the biggest legislation to hit the U.S. “It happens to deal with sex.”

Buyers then purchase discounted items in bulk from the company, and sell them themselves through eBay, Craigslist and other marketplace websites.

From selling used items on eBay to hosting web chats, some savvy entrepreneurs have taken advantage of a simple idea and turned it into a successful business venture.

Star, who asked that we not give her last name or hometown, is one of thousands of moms in the U.S. The process of figuring out what’s defective and what’s just unwanted is so complicated that many of the big-box stores outsource that task to someone else.

She has a new book called “Happy Chaos,” a website for organic children’s clothing called “The Little Seed,” a web series called “Her Say,” and she also now works for Target as a “Mommy Ambassador,” all of which have turned into an enormous online following — she has over 1.4 million followers on Twitter.

Soleil Moon Frye, who many know through playing the character Punky Brewster from the ’80s sitcom, left the TV spotlight to raise her daughters, quickly found a new line of work as a “mom-trepreneur.”

All over the country, websites are popping up where people can rent one another their stuff, turning something that’s gathering dust into a moneymaker. The most successful blogs, like, can net tens of thousands of dollars a month.

But there’s a catch.

In the last 18 months alone, the number of mothers of young children pursuing sex work has jumped 400 percent, according to, an organization that helps mothers find work-at-home jobs of all kinds, ranging from writing assignments to telemarketing.

“I’m surprised nobody thought about it,” Scudamore said. A copper penny is worth more than other pennies — now mostly made of zinc — currently priced at $0.024.

Watch ABC’s Juju Chang’s full report HERE

The company hit its first $1 million year in 1999 and now brings in roughly $100 million each year.

Essentially the videos are short product reviews, and as they became popular, major retailers started to take notice. There are almost 300,000 haul videos currently on YouTube, with several getting millions of views.

On websites such as and, you can rent — or rent out — almost anything: a barbecue, bungee cord or backyard, power tools, a parking space or a storage space.

Sell Returned Stuff on eBay

Read ABC’s Neal Karlinsky’s full report HERE

Show off Your Shopping Haul on YouTube

“I look at what I do as a business,” Star, a single mom, told “Good Morning America” in December. It’s such a simple idea, how did it become what it is today?”

But all those returns don’t end up back on store shelves. Scudamore’s company has become a classic example of a simple idea executed to perfection, raking in millions as a result.

Mommy bloggers number in the millions. “I talk about the companies that I connect with. The CEO of 1-800-GOT-JUNK has grown his multimillion-dollar business into the Starbucks of trash.

It’s not just any and all pennies. One thousand trucks do the simple task of picking up people’s unwanted stuff and getting rid of it.

Read ABC’s Mary Pflum’s full story HERE

It’s illegal to melt pennies and there is an obscure federal law that makes it illegal to transport more than $5 in pennies out of the country.

“Haul videos,” homemade online videos in which women and young girls show off their bargain-hunting triumphs, or “hauls,” have gone from being an Internet sensation to a lucrative business. and Australia. “I mean, I’m a high school dropout, a university dropout. And the people who need the stuff save big bucks by renting instead of buying.

A typical day for 45-year-old Star includes walking the dog, straightening her 8-year-old son’s room and running a load of laundry.

“I talk about products that I love,” Frye told ABC’s Lara Spencer. Henry is only interested in those that are dated 1982 and earlier because they’re made with 95 percent copper. who work as phone sex operators, and the numbers are growing at dramatic rates.

“It’s always funny when we tell people we rent a dog because it’s like, ‘You rent a what?'” Kelly Haley said.

Carmel Harris said he buys discounted TVs from three times a week, and then resells them for a profit, earning twice as much he did at his old job installing car stereos.

It also includes stepping into her home office to work as a phone sex operator.

Penny hoarders know this of course, but they also know something else. Mint in 50 years, officials are now looking at the composition of pennies and nickels and considering an overhaul

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One winning ticket sold in $487 million Powerball drawing

The difference is whether the winner takes the cash or agrees to have that money placed in a low-risk investment with a guaranteed payment made annually. One tumbler contains 69 white balls and another holds 26 red balls. Eastern time, usually in Tallahassee, Florida. To the lottery, the payout is the same.

Powerball officials announced Sunday one ticket sold in New Hampshire matched all six numbers in Saturday night’s Powerball drawing worth $487 million.

State and federal taxes vary by state, but in general, winners pay about half the cash amount.

The winning numbers for the Powerball are 11-17-21-23-32 and the Powerball number is 5.

. There had not been a winner since May 7, when a family from New Jersey won a $429.6 million jackpot.

Jackpot winners can choose between an annuity paid out over 29 years or a cash option. The big jackpot prize that gets most attention refers to the annuity, but most winners choose the cash option. Thanks to the change, three of the largest Powerball prizes, including the current jackpot, have occurred in 2016 — a tally that could grow with five months left in the year.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Tickets are sold in 44 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Annuities have tax advantages and lessens the risk a winner will blow through the money, but many people think they can earn more money by investing the winning themselves.

The drawing is held Wednesday and Saturday at 10:59 p.m. They wanted to generate bigger jackpots that would increase sales and produce even larger prizes. Virgin Islands.

It was the nation’s eighth-largest lottery jackpot. In about 30 seconds, the machines select five of the white numbered balls and one red ball.

Last year, officials at the Multi-State Lottery Association, a group of state lotteries that oversees Powerball, changed the odds of winning from 1 in 175 million to 1 in 292.2 million

Great Britain’s Indigenous Horse Breeds – The Thoroughbred

Some thoroughbreds have suspect feet with poor horn, low heels and flat soles.

The thoroughbred has a quality and athleticism that has become the benchmark for a perfect equine.

Today, all thoroughbreds in the General Stud Book, which was established in 1791, trace back to these three foundation sires.

Thoroughbreds generally need more sensitive, skilled handling. There are strict criteria to be met and often an adoption fee is required.. Eclipse was never beaten in a race and 90% of all registered thoroughbreds trace back to him.

Young thoroughbreds are raced at an early age before their bones have fully developed and leg problems and injuries often arise. Thoroughbreds need more protection from the elements than ‘native’ or cross breeds and they usually require supplementary feeding year round.

The main period of expansion was probably when the 1800s when the thoroughbred found its way to Australia, Europe, Japan and South America.

The overall impression is one of elegance, toughness and quality. Some strains are particularly nervy and highly strung but have been kept on because of their speed. Eclipse was never beaten in a race and 90% of all registered thirst really great race-horse. The thoroughbred has a streamlined body with long, slender legs and strong, muscular hindquarters. However the thoroughbred is also a distinct breed in its own right. The hooves are tough. If someone says of his dog ‘It’s a thoroughbred’ he is saying that it is a purebred saluki or whippet or whatever. Some thoroughbreds are produced purely for disciplines other than racing while some find their way to show-jumping or eventing careers when their racing careers are over. The stallion was shipped to England and bred to native mares. One of his get was Flying Childers, arguably the first really great race-horse. When crossed with native British horses and ponies, the progeny were larger with a longer stride, more scope and more speed.

The breed had its origins in England back in the early 1700s and selective breeding is still going on, resulting in faster and faster times on the race-track.

Thoroughbreds average around 16 hands. The shoulder is big and muscular and the withers tend to be high.

Once past racing, a thoroughbred can face an uncertain future. They are typically more highly strung and temperamental than most other breeds. Matchem was also noted for his impeccable temperament, a vast improvement on the highly strung, nervous individuals of the day.

The oriental influence is seen, not only in the refinement and speed of the breed, but also in the fine coat which thickens and lengthens only slightly in the winter. Animals with suspect conformation are more likely to ‘break down’ if their action is faulty or their legs insubstantial.

The Godolphin Arabian was foaled in Yemen before going to Syrian then Tunis. In the horse world, it is also used by people to describe a purebred of a breed. Some are only suitable as companion animals.

Thoroughbreds were imported into the United States from the 1730s. He was purchased by Thomas Darley in Aleppo, Syria in 1704, shipped to Yorkshire, England and bred to selected racing mares. These adoption agencies endeavour to match a horse with a new owner. Most warmblood breeds such as the Swiss and Dutch Warmbloods have a large percentage of Thoroughbred blood.

The head is straight, lean and elegant with large eyes and finely chiseled ears. It was gifted to the French king and later was taken to England. One of his most illustrious sons was Herod, who became an important name in the pedigrees of many of the early thoroughbreds.

The Darley Arabian is considered the most important of the three. Although they were once bred not for their looks but purely and simply for their speed, good conformation has an impact on speed and hardiness. He has been trained to gallop at top speed virtually every time he is saddled and to pass all others if he can. He will often need supplementary feeding and rugging through cold weather. Eclipse was another to have Darley Arabian blooc. The nostrils are open and capable of flaring allowing maximum airflow when racing at speed.

Other oriental horses, especially Arabs, figured in the early development. They are highly intelligent, quick and eager to please. Others are laid back and lovable. The three are the Byerley Turk, the Darley Arabian and the Godolphin Arabian. In 2003, Maryland also appointed the Thoroughbred its State Horse.

Between 1660 and 1750, around 200 horses were imported into England from the Orient. Those that are too small for the race-track find a home on the polo field providing their temperament is not too fiery.

The Thoroughbred

The term ‘Thoroughbred’ has several different meanings. To excel at another discipline, he needs re-training and re-educating so although they may be quite cheap to acquire, an ex-racehorse is not the best mount for an inexperienced rider.

The thoroughbred has been used to ‘improve’ many breeds.Breeds such as the Hanoverian, Trakenher, Holsteiner and Irish Draught  have at least some Thoroughbred blood, thus providing speed, courage and beauty. Eclipse was another to have Darley Arabian blood. One of his progeny was Matchem, a race-horse par excellence. The 2nd Earl of Godophin acquired the stallion. Thoroughbreds are most often associated with the horse-racing industry although they are also used in many other equestrian disciplines.

There are now a number of rescue organizations that take in ex-racehorses and try to find good homes for them. In the extremes of horse disciplines such as eventing, hunting and show-jumping, professional riders look for at least some thoroughbred blood to provide courage and speed. It seems generally agreed that, of these three, only the Darley Arabian was a true Arab, The Byerley was almost certainly a Turkmene type and the Godolphin a Barb.

The most rapid development in improvement of performance took place during the 19th century and the early part of the 20th century. Three of these are recognized as being the foundation sires of the thoroughbred world. There is good length from the hip to the stifle. Initially horse-racing was the pastime of the aristocracy and gentry but its popularity, and the lure of gambling, has seen racing and breeding of the thoroughbred spread to every corner of the globe.

The ribcage is deep and rounded and the chest wide with plenty of room for heart and lungs. InKentucky, the Thoroughbred was designated the ‘Official State Horse’ in 1996. The racing industry is huge in America. There are now literally millions of thoroughbreds and they are spread all over the globe.

The Byerley Turk gets his name from Captain Robert Byerley who captured the stallion from the Turks

Gallant Fox – 1930 Picture | Horse Racing Triple Crown Winners Through the Years

Escadru, left, was third. Citation won the race and the Triple Crown. Robert J. Longden rode Count Fleet thoroughbred racing’s Triple Crown, with victories in the Kentucky Derby, Preakness and Belmont Stakes.

American Pharoah crosses the finish line to win the 147th running of the Belmont Stakes horse race at Belmont Park, June 6, 2015, in Elmont, N.Y. American Pharoah is the first horse to win the Triple Crown since Affirmed won it in 1978.

AP Photo

Gallant Fox – 1930

Gallant Fox, with jockey Earl Sande up, wears the roses after winning the 1930 Kentucky Derby.

AP Photo

Sir Barton – 1919

Sir Barton, winner of the 44th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in May 1919. Kleberg, Jr., Jockey Warren Mehrtens, and owner Robert J. Trainer Ben Jones holds the bridle.

AP Photo

Omaha – 1935

William Woodward’s Kentucky Derby winner, Omaha, gallops in his last hard workout prior to the $25,000 at Pimlico Race Track in Baltimore, May 10, 1935.

AP Photo

Citation – 1948

Citation, ridden by Eddie Arcado, races home an easy winner in the $100,000 added Belmont Stakes at Belmont Park race track in Elmont, N.Y. Better Self, on rail, ridden by Warren Mehrtens, was second, six lengths away. Kleberg, Jr. Third from left is her husband, Mickey.. of King Ranch, Texas.

Focus on Sport/Getty Images

Seattle Slew – 1977

Jockey Jean Cruguet sits on Seattle Slew in the winners circle after winning the Belmont Stakes in Elmont, N.Y., June 1, 1977. (AP Photo)

AP Photo

Assault – 1946

Wearing a garland of Roses, Assault stands in the Kentucky Derby winner’s circle, May 4, 1946, in Louisville, Ky., with Mrs. 3, who takes the lead during the Belmont Stakes, June 10, 1978, to win the Triple Crown at Belmont Park in Elmont, N.Y.

AP Photo

Whirlaway – 1941

Whirlaway is draped with the floral tribute in the winner’s circle at Belmont Park, N.Y., June 7, 1941, after winning the Belmont Stakes race of the Triple Crown with jockey Eddie Arcaro. on June 12, 1948. Sir Barton, foaled at Hamburg Place, Lexington, Ky., was the first Triple Crown winner in 1916.

Seth Wenig/AP Photo

Affirmed – 1978

Jockey Steve Cauthen rides on Affirmed, No. AP Photo

AP Photo

Secretariat – 1973

Jockey Ron Turcotte walks Secretariat towards the winners circle after they captured the Triple Crown by winning the Belmont Stakes at Belmont Park in Elmont, N.Y., June 9, 1973.

AP Photo

War Admiral – 1937

War Admiral with C. Standing second from left is Karen Taylor, owner of Seattle Slew. Kurtsinger, June 5, 1937.

AP Photo

Count Fleet – 1943

Jockey Johnny Longden is seated on Count Fleet in New York, May 22, 1943

Henry 8th, King of England, and his six wives.

At this point in his life there is some doubt if the King could have fathered any more children.

Catherine was married to Henry on 11th June 1509 and the marriage was finally dissolved in 1533.

Katherine was married on the 28th July 1540 and was executed  on 13th February 1542

Catherine Parr

Credit: By Lucas Horenbout (1490/95?-1544) ( [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Anne was married to Henry  on 25th January 1533 and was executed on 19th May 1536.

Catherine of AragonWife No 1

Henry 8th , was  King of England from 1509   to 1547    .  Given his track record and with the knowledge that he had already executed one of his wives she probably thought that this was the wisest course to enjoy her own personal safety. Catherine gave him one child, a girl; the future Queen Mary, not the lusty son that he craved.   When Henry fell in love again and commanded that the marriage be annulled, she offered no opposition. Catherine herself at the time of her divorce proclaimed that the marriage had not been consummated and that she had entered King Henry’s bed with her maiden hood still intact. Holbein had painted Queen Jane and was a trusted artist. Initially tolerant of this attitude Henry’s tolerance decreased as she suffered a number of miscarriages and   gave birth to only one living child, a girl, the future Queen Elizabeth. It may be that physically she was acceptable but that she simply had no chemistry and was quiet and dull.

Catherine of Aragon(131401)

Credit: Michael Sittow (circa 1469-1525) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

After the King’s death Catherine married again for the fourth time and gave birth to a daughter , she herself suffered the same fate as Queen Jane and died shortly after the birth of her only child.

My own view is that he never set out to marry so many women, he was just driven, initially by the need for a son, but then to find someone whom he could he trust and love- a difficult demand in the Tudor court that he had created.

King Henry VIII

Credit: By Follower of Hans Holbein the Younger ( [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Jane was married to King Henry on 30th May 1536  and died 24th October of the same year.

Anne BoleynWife No2

Anne   Boleyn was some years younger than the King whom she had met at court as part of the Queens ladies. The victim of plots made against her, Anne was charged with Treason and along with her brother and other supposed lovers she was executed. A young girl and an older sick man of gross physical dimensions, it is no wonder that Katherine needed   romance  in her life. Jane was pregnant when she married the King and gave birth to the son that he so desired. King Henry had ordered his own wife to die and whilst he did so was looking for another wife.

Catherine ParrWife No 6

Wife Number six was a widow, Catherine Parr who had survived two husbands and looked like she might survive the third. The King was told of these relations  and his love faded at once leading to the execution of his fifth wife and her so called lovers. Henry divorced Catherine in 1532   in order to marry his second wife.

Catherine and Henry were married on 12th July 1543 and she was widowed folowing the King’s death on 28th January 1547

It is believed that the portrait below by Hans Holbein the younger was used by Henry to choose Anne as his wife. Six months before the Kings’ death Catherine was nearly arrested because of her strong protestant faith, but by supplicating herself in front of the King she managed to save her own life and outlive the King. She had  a fierce almost shrewish character often attacking rather than encouraging or fawning on the King. Henry fell in love with a young girl aged 19 years, Katherine Howard, and married her as soon as he could get his marriage to Anne annulled.. Although Jane seemed to recover from the birth she soon became ill and died from the poor hygiene of the age.

Anne Boleyn(131402)

Credit: See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Anne of ClevesWife No 4

For his fourth wife, Henry eschewed marrying for love but chose to marry for International Diplomacy.Emissaries were sent to Cleves now in Germany to arrange  The match with Anne of Cleves  and Henry relied on portraits of his future wife Anne to ascertain her beauty. There were no children born of this marriage. At this time many women died after child birth, even Queen’s.  The King valued his wife’s role in the production of his heir, so much so, that he was buried with her when he died , at St George’s Chapel in Windsor. She had friendships with other men, though it is believed that she probably stopped short of physical relations. Unsurprisingly the couple did not have any children

Katherine HowardWife No 5

. Their son, Edward became King after his fathers death, but sickly from birth his reign was not long.


Jane Seymour

Credit: Hans Holbein the Younger [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Anne of Cleves

Credit: Hans Holbein the Younger [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

. The marriage produced no children probably because of the Ill health of the King.

Jane SeymourWife No3

The King’s third wife was Jane Seymour but their marriage was to last less than one year. The marriage  was not a success, there was no chemistry between the royal couple, Anne was heavy featured and I think did not really fit in with the English court. He is well remembered for his collection of wives, six in total, some of whom did not die natural deaths.

Anne was married to Henry on 6th January 1540 and the marriage was dissolved in July of the same year.

Katherine Howard

Credit: See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Henry’s first wife was Catherine of Aragon, who had also been married to his elder brother, Arthur who died without leaving a son. Arthur was a sickly young man and there was some doubt if the marriage was ever consummated

What is character motivation?

If there is no reason to do something, people will not be able to believe in the characters.

Let’s take an example,

. It propels the personality of the character.

Character motivation is very important because it provides the character a reason to do something.

So, what is character motivation? Character motivation is what that motivates characters to behave in a particular way.

Character motivation is what that propels inside characters. Suppose a character, John hates Miranda because according to the novel (play), Miranda insulted John in the past, which he could not forget. If your character (i.e. All these behaviors are pre-decided by character motivation.

We often hear the phrase “character motivation” and wonder what it is. you) do something without any reason (motivation), people surrounding you on interacting with you, will not be able to understand you and will not believe you, because you behaved in a way without any reason. Some characters may behave in a positive way, some in the negative way and some may be neutral. Use of character motivation will help them to make the character more congruent and true.

In a novel or a play, character motivation explains why a particular character of the novel or the play, act in the way they do. Their behavior is governed by their character motivation. Without character motivation, characters will not be able to react in a particular fashion and so all of them will look similar. So, inability to forget the insult caused by Miranda is the character motivation for John for hating her.

Character motivation creates action and individualizes character. All these factors in the individual affect character motivation. Character motivation describes why a particular character behaves in a specific way. They will be able to make the characters more consistent and believable with the help of their knowledge about character motivation. But it is also used in case of writing such as fiction writing, drama, movies, plays and others. Suppose, characters in a novel, do something without any reason, then the viewers will not be able to believe them because there is no reason for their behavior. They behave differently in the same situation and also in different situations.

Author’s Bio: 

Bikash writes for Big Poker Star,which is a reliable and trustworthy poker review site that provides poker reviews, strategies, rules, stats and other resources to help you play better poker online and earn more money.

Not all characters behave in the same way.

Character motivation results from many different factors. Likewise, in real life also the same rule applies. Character motivation is attached to general life. Depending on these factors, a character will behave or react in a particular fashion. These factors may include upbringing, ethics, aspirations in life, thinking habits, environment and others.

Character motivation can be especially interesting for authors, novelists, playwrights and writers, which will give them a reason to understand why characters behave in a particular fashion in real life